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Placebo-controlled trials of homeopathic treatment

N=129 peer-reviewed, placebo-controlled RCTs of homeopathic treatment (up to and including 2019)

Positive (n=58)
1. Aabel S, Laerum E, Dølvik S, Djupesland P (2000). Is homeopathic ‘immunotherapy’ effective? A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with the isopathic remedy Betula 30c for patients with birch pollen allergy. British Homeopathic Journal; 89: 161–168.

2. Adler UC, Acorinte AC, Calzavara FO, da Silva AA, de Toledo Cesar A, Adler MS, Martinez EZ, Galduróz JCF (2018). Double-blind evaluation of homeopathy on cocaine craving: a randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Integrative Medicine; 16(3): 178–184.

3. Andrade DCDS, Carmona F, Angelucci MA, Martinez EZ, Pereira AMS (2019). Efficacy of a homeopathic medicine of Capsicum frutescens L. (Solanaceae) in the treatment of hot flashes in menopausal women: a phase-2 randomized controlled trial. Homeopathy; 108(2): 102–107.

4. Balzarini A, Felisi E, Martini A, De Conno F (2000). Efficacy of homeopathic treatment of skin reactions during radiotherapy for breast cancer: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial. British Homeopathic Journal; 89: 8–12.

5. Bell I, Lewis D, Brooks A, Schwartz G, Lewis S, Walsh B, Baldwin C (2004). Improved clinical status in fibromyalgia patients treated with individualized homeopathic remedies versus placebo. Rheumatology; 43: 577–582.

6. Belon P, Banerjee A, Karmakar SR, Biswas SJ, Choudhury SC, Banerjee P, Das JK, Pathak S, Guha B, Paul S, Bhattacharjee N, Khuda-Bukhsh AR (2007). Homeopathic remedy for arsenic toxicity? Evidence-based findings from a randomized placebo-controlled double blind human trial. Science of the Total Environment; 384: 141-50.

7. Bergmann J, Luft B, Boehmann S, Runnebaum B, Gerhard I (2000). Die Wirksamkeit des Komplexmittels Phyto-Hypophyson® L bei weiblicher, hormonell bedingter Sterilität. Eine randomisierte, plazebokontrollierte, klinische Doppelblindstudie [The efficacy of the complex medication Phyto-Hypophyson L in female, hormone-related sterility. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical double-blind study]. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde; 7: 190–199.

8. Bernstein S, Donsky H, Gulliver W, Hamilton D, Nobel S, Norman R (2006). Treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis with Reliéva, a Mahonia aquifolium extract – a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. American Journal of Therapeutics; 13: 121-126.

9. Berrebi A, Parant O, Ferval F, Thene M, Ayoubi JM, Connan L, Belon P (2001). Traitement de la douleur de la montée laiteuse non souhaitée par homéopathie dans le postpartum immédiat [Treatment of pain due to unwanted lactation with a homeopathic preparation given in the immediate post-partum period]. Journal de gynécologie, obstétrique et biologie de la reproduction; 30: 353–357.

10. Cavalcanti AM, Rocha LM, Carillo R Jr, Lima LU, Lugon JR (2003). Effects of homeopathic treatment on pruritus of haemodialysis patients: a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial. Homeopathy; 92: 177–181.

11. Chaiet SR, Marcus BC (2016). Perioperative Arnica montana for reduction of ecchymosis in rhinoplasty surgery. Annals of Plastic Surgery; 76: 477–482.

12. Chapman EH, Weintraub RJ, Milburn MA, Pirozzi TO, Woo E (1999). Homeopathic treatment of mild traumatic brain injury: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation; 14: 521–542.

13. Clark J, Percivall A (2000). A preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of the homeopathic remedy, Ruta graveolens, in the treatment of pain in plantar fasciitis. British Journal of Podiatry; 3: 81–85.

14. Colau JC, Vincent S, Marijnen P, Allaert FA (2012). Efficacy of a non-hormonal treatment, BRN-01, on menopausal hot flashes: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Drugs R D; 12(3): 107–119.

15. Diefenbach M, Schilken J, Steiner G, Becker HJ (1997). Homöopathische Therapie bei Erkrankungen der Atemwege. Auswertung einer klinischen Studie bei 258 Patienten [Homeopathic therapy in respiratory tract diseases. Evaluation of a clinical study in 258 patients]. Zeitschrift für Allgemeinmedizin; 73: 308–314.

16. Ernst E, Saradeth T, Resch KL (1990). Complementary therapy of varicose veins – a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Phlebology; 5: 157–163.

17. Ferley JP, Zmirou D, D’Adhemar D, Balducci F (1989). A controlled evaluation of a homoeopathic preparation in the treatment of influenza like syndromes. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology; 27: 329–335.

18. Frass M, Dielacher C, Linkesch M, Endler C, Muchitsch I, Schuster E, Kaye A (2005). Influence of potassium dichromate on tracheal secretions in critically ill patients. Chest; 127: 936–941.

19. Frass M, Linkesch M, Banyai S, Resch G, Dielacher C, Lobl T, Endler C, Haidvogl M, Muchitsch I, Schuster E (2005). Adjunctive homeopathic treatment in patients with severe sepsis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in an intensive care unit. Homeopathy; 94: 75–80.

20. Friese K-H, Zabalotnyi DI (2007). Homöopathie bei akuter Rhinosinusitis. Eine doppelblinde, placebokontrollierte Studie belegt die Wirksamkeit und Verträglichkeit eines homöopathischen Kombinations-arzneimittels [Homeopathy in acute rhinosinusitis. A double-blind, placebo controlled study shows the efficiency and tolerability of a homeopathic combination remedy]. HNO; 55: 271–277.

21. Gerhard I, Pateck A, Monga B, Blank A, Gorkow C (1998). Mastodynon bei weiblicher Sterilitat. Randomisierte, plazenbokontrollierte, klinische oppelblindstudie. [Mastodynon for female infertility. Randomised, placebo controlled, clinical double-blind study]. Forschende Komplementärmedizin; 5: 272–278.

22. Jacobs J, Jimenez LM, Gloyds SS, Gale JL, Crothers D (1994). Treatment of acute childhood diarrhea with homeopathic medicine; a randomized clinical trial in Nicaragua. Pediatrics; 93: 719–725.

23. Jacobs J, Springer DA, Crothers D (2001). Homeopathic treatment of acute otitis media in children: a preliminary randomized placebo-controlled trial. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal; 20: 177–183.

24. Jacobs J, Taylor JA (2016). A randomized controlled trial of a homeopathic syrup in the treatment of cold symptoms in young children. Complementary Therapies in Medicine; 29: 229–234.

25. Jacobs J, Jimenez LM, Malthouse S, Chapman E, Crothers D, Masuk M, Jonas WB (2000). Homeopathic treatment of acute childhood diarrhoea: results from a clinical trial in Nepal. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine; 6: 131–139.

26. Khuda-Bukhsh AR, Pathak S, Guha B, Karmakar SR, Das JK, Banerjee P, Biswas SJ, Mukherjee P, Bhattacharjee N, Choudhury SC, Banerjee A, Bhadra S, Mallick P, Chakrabarti J, Mandal B (2005). Can homeopathic arsenic remedy combat arsenic poisoning in humans exposed to groundwater arsenic contamination? A preliminary report on first human trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 2: 537–548.

27. Kim LS, Riedlinger JE, Baldwin CM, Hilli L, Khalsa SV, Messer SA, Waters RF (2005). Treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis using homeopathic preparation of common allergens in the southwest region of the US: a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Annals of Pharmacotherapy; 39: 617–624.

28. Kolia-Adam N, Solomon E, Bond J, Deroukakis M (2008). The efficacy of Coffea cruda on insomnia: a double blind trial. Simillimum; 21: 91–99.

29. Lipman D, Sexton G, Schlesser J (1999). A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled evaluation of the safety and efficacy of a natural over-the-counter (OTC) medication in the management of snoring. Sleep and Breathing; 3: 53–56.

30. Lozada CJ, del Rio E, Reitberg DP, Smith RA, Kahn CB, Moskowitz RW (2017). A double-blind, randomized, saline-controlled study of the efficacy and safety of co-administered intra-articular injections of Tr14 and Ze14 for treatment of painful osteoarthritis of the knee: The MOZArT trial. European Journal of Integrative Medicine: 13: 54–63.

31. Macías-Cortés EC, Llanes-González L, Aguilar-Faisal L, Asbun-Bojalil J (2015). Individualized homeopathic treatment and fluoxetine for moderate to severe depression in peri- and postmenopausal women (HOMDEP-MENOP study): A randomized, double-dummy, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PLoS One 10(3): e0118440.

32. Malapane E, Solomon EM, Pellow J (2014). Efficacy of a homeopathic complex on acute viral tonsillitis. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Med; 20(11): 868–873.

33. Michael J, Singh S, Sadhukhan S, Nath A, Kundu N, Magotra N, Dutta S, Parewa M, Koley M, Saha S (2019). Efficacy of individualized homeopathic treatment of insomnia: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine; 43: 53–59.

34. Michalsen A, Palm J, Samer H, Wollmann J-C, Tausend S, Klein I, Schnitker J (2017). Wirksamkeit und Verträglichkeit eines homöopathischen Komplexmittels (Sinusitis Hevert SL) bei akuter, unkomplizierter Rhinosinusitis: Eine multizentrische, randomisierte, doppelblinde, placebokontrollierte Studie an erwachsenen Patienten. [Efficacy and Safety of a Complex Homeopathic Remedy (Sinusitis Hevert SL) Used in Acute, Uncomplicated Rhinosinusitis: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial in Adults]. Complementary Medicine Research; 24(3): 139–146.

35. Morris M, Pellow J, Solomon EM, Tsele-Tebakang T (2016). Physiotherapy and a homeopathic complex for chronic low-back pain due to osteoarthritis: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine; 22: 48–56.

36. Naidoo P, Pellow J (2013). A randomized placebo-controlled pilot study of Cat saliva 9cH and Histaminum 9cH in cat allergic adults. Homeopathy; 102: 123–129.

37. Naudé DF, Couchman IMS, Maharaj A (2010). Chronic primary insomnia: efficacy of homeopathic simillimum. Homeopathy; 99: 63–68.

38. Oberbaum M, Yaniv I, Ben-Gal Y, Stein J, Ben-Zvi N, Freedman LS, Branski D (2001). A randomized, controlled clinical trial of the homeopathic medication Traumeel S in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing stem cell transplantation. Cancer; 92: 684–690.

39. Oberbaum M, Galoyan N, Lerner-Geva L, Singer SR, Grisaru S, Shashar D, Samueloff A (2005). The effect of the homeopathic remedies Arnica and Bellis perennis on mild postpartum bleeding – a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study – preliminary results. Complementary Therapies in Medicine; 13: 87–90.

40. Papp R, Schuback G, Beck E, Burkard G, Bengel J, Lehrl S, Belon P (1998). Oscillococcinum® in patients with influenza-like syndromes: a placebo-controlled double-blind evaluation. British Homoeopathic Journal; 87: 69–76.

41. Qutubuddin M, Murty Singh S, Nayak C, Koley M, Saha S (2019). Efficacy of individualized homeopathy in bronchial asthma in adults: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial in the context of usual care. Advances in Integrative Medicine; 6(2): 58–65.

42. Rahlfs VW, Mössinger P (1978). Asa foetida bei Colon irritabile – Doppelblindversuch [Asa foetida in the treatment of the irritable colon – a double-blind trial]. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift; 104: 140–143.

43. Reilly DT, Taylor MA, McSharry C, Aitchison T (1986). Is homeopathy a placebo response? Controlled trial of homeopathic potency, with pollen in hayfever as model. Lancet; ii: 881–885.

44. Reilly D, Taylor MA, Beattie NGM, Campbell JH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC, Carter R, Stevenson RD (1994). Is evidence for homeopathy reproducible? Lancet; 344: 1601–1606.

45. Robertson A, Suryanarayanan R, Banerjee A (2007). Homeopathic Arnica montana for post-tonsillectomy analgesia: a randomised placebo control trial. Homeopathy; 96: 17–21.

46. Seeley BM, Denton AB, Ahn MS, Maas CS (2006). Effect of homeopathic Arnica montana on bruising in face-lifts: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery; 8: 54–59.

47. Sorrentino L, Piraneo S, Riggio E, Basilicò S, Sartani A, Bossi D, Corsi F (2017). Is there a role for homeopathy in breast cancer surgery? A first randomized clinical trial on treatment with Arnica montana to reduce post-operative seroma and bleeding in patients undergoing total mastectomy. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology; 6(1): 1–8.

48. Taylor MA, Reilly D, Llewellyn-Jones RH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC (2000). Randomised controlled trial of homoeopathy versus placebo in perennial allergic rhinitis with overview of four trial series. British Medical Journal; 321: 471–476.

49. Teixeira MZ, Podgaec S, Baracat EC (2017). Potentized estrogen in homeopathic treatment of endometriosis-associated pelvic pain: A 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology; 211: 48–55.

50. Tveiten D, Bruseth S, Borchgrevink CF, Norseth J (1998). Effects of the homoeopathic remedy Arnica D30 on marathon runners: a randomized, double-blind study during the 1995 Oslo Marathon. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 6: 71–74.

51. Voß HW, Michalsen A, Brünjes R (2018). Efficacy and tolerability of a complex homeopathic drug in children suffering from dry cough-A double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Drug Research (Stuttg); 68(8): 444–449.

52. Weatherley-Jones E, Nicholl JP, Thomas KJ, Parry GJ, McKendrick MW, Green ST, Stanley PJ, Lynch SP (2004). A randomized, controlled, triple-blind trial of the efficacy of homeopathic treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. Journal of Psychosomatic Research; 56: 189–197.

53. Weiser M, Clasen B (1994). Randomisierte plazebokontrolierte Doppelblindstudie zur Untersuchung der klinische Wirksamkeit der homöopathischen Euphorbium compositum-Nasentropfen S bei chronischer Sinusitis [Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of the clinical efficacy of the homeopathic Euphorbium compositum-S nasal spray in cases of chronic sinusitis]. Forschende Komplementärmedizin; 1: 251–259.

54. Wiesenauer M, Gaus W, Häussler S (1990). Behandlung der Pollinoisis mit Galphimia glauca. Eine Doppelblindstudie unter Praxisbedingungen [Treatment of pollinosis with the homeopathic preparation Galphimia glauca. A double-blind trial in clinical practice]. Allergologie; 13: 359–363.

55. Yakir M, Kreitler S, Brzezinski A, Vithoulkas G, Oberbaum M, Bentwich Z (2001). Effects of homeopathic treatment in women with premenstrual syndrome: a pilot study. British Homeopathic Journal; 90: 148–153.

56. Yakir M, Klein-Laansma CT, Kreitler S, Brzezinski A, Oberbaum M, Vithoulkas G, Bentwich Z (2019). A placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial with individualized homeopathic treatment using a symptom cluster approach in women with premenstrual syndrome. Homeopathy; 108(4): 256–269.

57. Zabolotnyi DI, Kneis KC, Richardson A, Rettenberger R, Heger M, Kaszkin-Bettag M, Heger PW (2007). Efficacy of a complex homeopathic medication (Sinfrontal) in patients with acute maxillary sinusitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial. Explore (NY); 3: 98–109.

58. Zanasi A, Mazzolini M, Tursi F, Morselli-Labate AM, Paccapelo A, Lecchi M (2014). Homeopathic medicine for acute cough in upper respiratory tract infections and acute bronchitis: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics; 27(1): 102–108.

Negative (n=5)
59. Aabel S (2000). No beneficial effect of isopathic prophylactic treatment for birch pollen allergy during a low-pollen season: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of homeopathic Betula 30c. British Homeopathic Journal; 89: 169–173.

60. Fisher P, McCarney R, Hasford C, Vickers A (2006). Evaluation of specific and non-specific effects in homeopathy: Feasibility study for a randomised trial. Homeopathy; 95: 215–222.

61. GRECHO (Groupe de Recherches et d’Essais Cliniques en Homéopathie), U292 INSERM, ARC (Association de Recherche en Chirurgie), GREPA (Groupe de Recherche et d’Étude de la Paroi Abdominal) (1989). Evaluation de deux produits homéopathiques sur la reprise du transit après chirurgie digestive – Un essai contrôlé multicentrique [Evaluation of the effects of two homeopathic preparations on the resumption of intestinal peristalsis after digestive tract surgery – A multicentre controlled trial]. Presse Médicale; 18: 59-62.

62. Kaziro GS (1984). Metronidazole (Flagyl) and Arnica montana in the prevention of post-surgical complications, a comparative placebo controlled clinical trial. British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery; 22: 42–49.

63. Paris A, Gonnet N, Chaussard C, Belon P, Rocourt F, Saragaglia D, Cracowski JL (2008). Effect of homeopathy on analgesic intake following knee ligament reconstruction: a phase III monocentre randomized placebo controlled study. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology; 65: 180–187.

Non-conclusive (n=66)
64. Aabel S (2001). Prophylactic and acute treatment with the homeopathic medicine Betula 30c for birch pollen allergy: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of consistency of VAS responses. British Homeopathic Journal; 90: 73–78.

65. Andrade L, Ferraz MB, Atra E, Castro A, Silva MSM (1991). A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of homoeopathy in rheumatoid arthritis. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology; 20: 204–208.

66. Baker DG, Myers SP, Howden I, Brooks L (2003). The effects of homeopathic Argentum nitricum on test anxiety. Complementary Therapies in Medicine; 11: 65–71.

67. Beer AM, Heiliger F (1999). Caulophyllum D4 zur Geburtsinduktion bei vorzeitigem Blasensprung – eine Doppelblindstudie [Randomized, double-blind trial of Caulophyllum D4 for induction of labour after premature rupture of the membranes at term]. Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde; 59: 431–435.

68. Belon P, Banerjee P, Choudhury SC, Banerjee A, Biswas SJ, Karmakar SR, Pathak S, Guha B, Chatterjee S, Bhattacharjee N, Das JK, Khuda-Bukhsh AR (2006). Can administration of potentized homeopathic remedy, Arsenicum album, alter antinuclear antibody (ANA) titre in people living in high-risk arsenic contaminated areas? I. A correlation with certain hematological parameters. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 3: 99-107.

69. Bignamini M, Bertoli A, Consolandi AM, Dovera N, Saruggia M, Taino S, Tubertini A (1987). Controlled double-blind trial with Baryta carbonica 15CH versus placebo in a group of hypertensive subjects confined to bed in two old people’s homes. British Homoeopathic Journal; 76: 114–119.

70. Bonne O, Shemer Y, Gorali Y, Katz M, Shalev AY (2003). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of classical homeopathy in generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry; 64: 282–287.

71. Brien S, Lachance L, Prescott P, McDermott C, Lewith G (2011). Homeopathy has clinical benefits in rheumatoid arthritis patients that are attributable to the consultation process but not the homeopathic remedy: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Rheumatology (Oxford); 50: 1070–1082.

72. Chand KS, Manchanda RK, Mittal R, Batra S, Banavaliker JN, De I (2014). Homeopathic treatment in addition to standard care in multi drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial. Homeopathy; 103(2): 97–107.

73. Charandabi SMA, Biglu MH, Rad KY (2016). Effect of homeopathy on pain intensity and quality of life of students with primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized controlled trial. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal; 18(9): e30902.

74. Cialdella P, Boissel JP, Belon P (2001). Spécialités homéopathiques en substitution de benzodiazépines: étude en double-insu vs. placebo [Complex homeopathic medicines as substitutes for benzodiazepines: double-blind study vs. placebo]. Thérapie; 56: 397–402.

75. Cornu C, Joseph P, Gaillard S, Bauer C, Vedrinne C, Bissery A, Melot G, Bossard N, Belon P, Lehot J-J (2010). No effect of a homoeopathic combination of Arnica montana and Bryonia alba on bleeding, inflammation, and ischaemia after aortic valve surgery. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology;
69: 136–142.

76. de Lange de Klerk ESM, Blommers J, Kuik DJ, Bezemer PD, Feenstra L (1994). Effects of homoeopathic medicines on daily burden of symptoms in children with recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. British Medical Journal; 309: 1329–1332.

77. Dossett ML, Mu L, Davis RB, Bell IR, Lembo AJ, Kaptchuk TJ, Yeh GY (2015). Patient-provider interactions affect symptoms in gastroesophageal reflux disease: a pilot randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PLoS One; 10: e0136855.

78. de Freitas LAS, Goldenstein E, Sanna OM (1995). A relação médico-paciente indireta e o tratamento homeopático na asma infantile [The indirect patient-doctor relationship and the homeopathic treatment of childhood asthma]. Revista de Homeopatia; 60: 26–31.

79. Friese K-H, Feuchter U, Möller H (1997). Die homöopathische Behandling von adenoiden Vegetationen [Homeopathic treatment of adenoid vegetations. Results of a prospective, randomized double-blind study]. HNO; 45: 618–624.

80. Garnica Téllez D, Arias Vázquez PI, Ramírez Wakamatzu MA (2018). Eficacia de medicamentos antihomotóxicos en el tratamiento del síndrome miofascial cervical y de cintura escapular: Estudio comparativo versus toxina botulínica tipo A. Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor: 25(2): 86–93.

81. Gaucher C, Jeulin D, Peycru P, Amengual C (1994). A double blind randomized placebo controlled study of cholera treatment with highly diluted and succussed solutions. British Homoeopathic Journal; 83: 132-134.

82. Harrison CC, Solomon EM, Pellow J (2013). The effect of a homeopathic complex on psychophysiological onset insomnia in males: a randomized pilot study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine; 19(5): 38–43.

83. Hart O, Mullee MA, Lewith G, Miller J (1997). Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial of homoeopathic arnica C30 for pain and infection after total abdominal hysterectomy. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine; 90: 73–78.

84. Heudel PE, Van Praagh-Doreau I, Duvert B, Cauvin I, Hardy-Bessard AC, Jacquin JP, Stefani L, Vincent L, Dramais D, Guastalla JP, Blanc E, Belleville A, Lavergne E, Pérol D (2019). Does a homeopathic medicine reduce hot flushes induced by adjuvant endocrine therapy in localized breast cancer patients? A multicenter randomized placebo-controlled phase III trial. Supportive Care in Cancer; 27: 1879–1889.

85. Hitzenberger G, Rehak PH (2005). Zur Wirkung eines homöopathischen Fertigarzneimittels auf den Blutdruck von Hypertonikern: Eine randomisierte doppelblinde kontrollierte Parallelgruppen-Vergleichsstudie [The effect of a homeopathic drug on the blood pressure of hypertensive patients: a randomized double-blind, controlled, parallel-group, comparative trial]. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift; 155: 392–396.

86. Hofmeyr GJ, Piccioni V, Blauhof P (1990). Postpartum homoeopathic Arnica montana: a potency-finding pilot study. British Journal of Clinical Practice; 44: 619–621.

87. Hotta LM, Adler UC, Cesar AT, Martinez EZ, Demarzo MMP (2018). Homeopathy for perennial asthma in adolescents: pilot feasibility study testing a randomised withdrawal design. Homeopathy; 107(2): 143–149.

88. Jacobs J, Jiminez LM, Gloyds SS, Casares FE, Gaitan MP, Crothers D (1993). Homoeopathic treatment of acute childhood diarrhoea. A randomized clinical trial in Nicaragua. British Homoeopathic Journal; 82: 83–86.

89. Jacobs J, Guthrie BL, Montes GA, Jacobs LE, Mickey-Colman N, Wilson AR, DiGiacomo R (2006). Homeopathic combination remedy in the treatment of acute childhood diarrhea in Honduras. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine; 12: 723–732.

90. Jacobs J, Fernandez EA, Merizalde B, Avila-Montes GA, Crothers D (2007). The use of homeopathic combination remedy for dengue fever symptoms: a pilot RCT in Honduras. Homeopathy; 96: 22–26.

91. Jacobs J, Herman P, Heron K, Olsen S, Vaughters L (2005). Homeopathy for menopausal symptoms in breast cancer survivors: a preliminary randomized controlled trial. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine; 11: 21–27.

92. Jacobs J, Williams A-L, Girard C, Njike VY, Katz D (2005). Homeopathy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a pilot randomized-controlled trial. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine; 11: 799–806.

93. Jansen GRHJ, van der Veer ALJ, Hagenaars J, van der Juy A (1992). Lessons learnt from an unsuccessful clinical trial of homoeopathy. Results of a small-scale, double-blind trial in proctocolitis. British Homoeopathic Journal; 81: 132–138.

94. Kainz JT, Kozel G, Haidvogl M, Smolle J (1996). Homoeopathic versus placebo therapy of children with warts on the hands: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial. Dermatology; 193: 318–320.

95. Katz T, Fisher P, Katz A, Davidson J, Feder G (2005). The feasibility of a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial of homeopathic treatment of depression in general practice. Homeopathy; 94: 145–152.

96. Khuda-Bukhsh AR, Banerjee A, Biswas SJ, Karmakar SR, Banerjee P, Pathak S, Guha B, Haque S, Das D, De A, Das D, Boujedaini N (2011). An initial report on the efficacy of a millesimal potency Arsenicum Album LM 0/3 in ameliorating arsenic toxicity in humans living in a high-risk arsenic village. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine / Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao; 9: 596–604.

97. Koley M, Saha S, Ghosh S (2015). A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled feasibility study evaluating individualized homeopathy in managing pain of knee osteoarthritis. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine; 20(3): 186–191.

98. Kotlus BS, Heringer DM, Dryden RM (2010). Evaluation of homeopathic arnica montana for ecchymosis after upper blepharoplasty: A placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study. Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; 26: 395–397.

99. Labrecque M, Audet D, Latulippe LG, Drouin J (1992). Homoeopathic treatment of plantar warts. Canadian Medical Association Journal; 146: 1749–1753.

100. Leaman AM, Gorman D (1989). Cantharis in the early treatment of minor burns. Archives of Emergency Medicine; 6: 259–261.

101. Lewith G , Watkins AD, Hyland ME (2002). Use of ultramolecular potencies of allergen to treat asthmatic people allergic to house dust mite: double blind randomized controlled clinical trial. British Medical Journal; 324: 520–523.

102. McCutcheon LE (1996). Treatment of anxiety with a homeopathic remedy. Journal of Applied Nutrition; 48: 2–6.

103. Mourão L, Carillo R Jr, Linares SM, Canabarro A, Fischer RG (2019). Homeopathy and periodontal treatment in type II diabetic patients: a 1-year randomized clinical trial. Brazilian Dental Journal; 30(2): 139–145.

104. Padilha RQ, Riera R, Atallah ÁN (2011). Homeopathic Plumbum metallicum for lead poisoning: a randomized clinical trial. Homeopathy; 100(3): 116–121.

105. Pedrero-Escalas MF, Jimenez-Antolin J, Lassaletta L, Diaz-Saez G, Gavilán J (2016). Hospital clinical trial: Homeopathy (Agraphis nutans 5CH, Thuya occidentalis 5CH, Kalium muriaticum 9CH and Arsenicum iodatum 9CH) as adjuvant, in children with otitis media with effusion. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology; 88: 217–223.

106. Rahlfs VW, Mössinger P (1976). Zur Behandlung des Colon irritable: Ein multizentrischer plazebo-kontrollierter Doppelblindversuch in der Allgemeinen Praxis [Treatment of irritable colon: A multicenter placebo-controlled double-blind study in general practice]. Arzneimittel Forschung; 26: 2230–2234.

107. Rastogi DP, Singh VP, Singh V, Dey SK, Rao K (1999). Homeopathy in HIV infection: a trial report of double-blind placebo controlled study. British Homoeopathic Journal; 88: 49–57.

108. Razlog R, Pellow J, White SJ (2012). A pilot study on the efficacy of Valeriana officinalis mother tincture and Valeriana officinalis 3x in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Health SA Gesondheid; 17; #603.

109. Sajedi F, Alizad V, Alaeddini F, Fatemi R, Mazaherinezhad A (2008). The effect of adding homeopathic treatment to rehabilitation on muscle tone of children with spastic cerebral palsy. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice; 14: 33–37.

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