Placebo-controlled trials of homeopathic treatment

N=157 peer-reviewed, placebo-controlled DB-RCTs of homeopathic treatment (up to and including 2022)

Studies Excluded: Non-peer-reviewed journals and other non-academic sources; non-human studies; prophylaxis studies; cross-over design; single-blind trials.

Positive (n=67)

  1. Aabel S, Laerum E, Dølvik S, Djupesland P (2000). Is homeopathic ‘immunotherapy’ effective? A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with the isopathic remedy Betula 30c for patients with birch pollen allergy. British Homeopathic Journal89: 161–168.
  2. Adi BS, Vangani A, Siva Rami Reddy E. Effect of Syzygium cumini in type 2 diabetes mellitus by assessing glycosylated haemoglobin and blood glucose levels: a double blind randomized controlled trial (2020). Journal of Global Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences; 11(4): 8546‐8551.
  3. Adler UC, Acorinte AC, Calzavara FO, da Silva AA, de Toledo Cesar A, Adler MS, Martinez EZ, Galduróz JCF (2018). Double-blind evaluation of homeopathy on cocaine craving: a randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Integrative Medicine16(3): 178–184.
  4. Andrade DCDS, Carmona F, Angelucci MA, Martinez EZ, Pereira AMS (2019). Efficacy of a homeopathic medicine of Capsicum frutescens L. (Solanaceae) in the treatment of hot flashes in menopausal women: a phase-2 randomized controlled trial. Homeopathy108(2): 102–107.
  5. Balzarini A, Felisi E, Martini A, De Conno F (2000). Efficacy of homeopathic treatment of skin reactions during radiotherapy for breast cancer: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial. British Homeopathic Journal89: 8–12.
  6. Bell I, Lewis D, Brooks A, Schwartz G, Lewis S, Walsh B, Baldwin C (2004). Improved clinical status in fibromyalgia patients treated with individualized homeopathic remedies versus placebo. Rheumatology43: 577–582.
  7. Belon P, Banerjee A, Karmakar SR, Biswas SJ, Choudhury SC, Banerjee P, Das JK, Pathak S, Guha B, Paul S, Bhattacharjee N, Khuda-Bukhsh AR (2007). Homeopathic remedy for arsenic toxicity? Evidence-based findings from a randomized placebo-controlled double blind human trial. Science of the Total Environment384: 141-50.
  8. Bergmann J, Luft B, Boehmann S, Runnebaum B, Gerhard I (2000). Die Wirksamkeit des Komplexmittels Phyto-Hypophyson® L bei weiblicher, hormonell bedingter Sterilität. Eine randomisierte, plazebokontrollierte, klinische Doppelblindstudie [The efficacy of the complex medication Phyto-Hypophyson L in female, hormone-related sterility. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical double-blind study]. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde7: 190–199.
  9. Bernstein S, Donsky H, Gulliver W, Hamilton D, Nobel S, Norman R (2006). Treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis with Reliéva, a Mahonia aquifolium extract – a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. American Journal of Therapeutics13: 121-126.
  10. Berrebi A, Parant O, Ferval F, Thene M, Ayoubi JM, Connan L, Belon P (2001). Traitement de la douleur de la montée laiteuse non souhaitée par homéopathie dans le postpartum immédiat [Treatment of pain due to unwanted lactation with a homeopathic preparation given in the immediate post-partum period]. Journal de gynécologie, obstétrique et biologie de la reproduction30: 353–357.
  11. Cavalcanti AM, Rocha LM, Carillo R Jr, Lima LU, Lugon JR (2003). Effects of homeopathic treatment on pruritus of haemodialysis patients: a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial. Homeopathy92: 177–181.
  12. Chaiet SR, Marcus BC (2016). Perioperative Arnica montana for reduction of ecchymosis in rhinoplasty surgery. Annals of Plastic Surgery76: 477–482.
  13. Chapman EH, Weintraub RJ, Milburn MA, Pirozzi TO, Woo E (1999). Homeopathic treatment of mild traumatic brain injury: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation14: 521–542.
  14. Clark J, Percivall A (2000). A preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of the homeopathic remedy, Ruta graveolens, in the treatment of pain in plantar fasciitis. British Journal of Podiatry3: 81–85.
  15. Colau JC, Vincent S, Marijnen P, Allaert FA (2012). Efficacy of a non-hormonal treatment, BRN-01, on menopausal hot flashes: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Drugs R D12(3): 107–119.
  16. Das AD, Ghosh S, Palanisamy C, Guha N, Mandal S, Maiti S, Nath A, Singh NK, Koley M, Saha S. Efficacy of individualized homeopathic medicines in irritable bowel syndrome: A double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Explore (NY) 2022 Oct 19;S1550-8307(22)00169-0. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2022.10.004. Online ahead of print.
  17. Diefenbach M, Schilken J, Steiner G, Becker HJ (1997). Homöopathische Therapie bei Erkrankungen der Atemwege. Auswertung einer klinischen Studie bei 258 Patienten [Homeopathic therapy in respiratory tract diseases. Evaluation of a clinical study in 258 patients]. Zeitschrift für Allgemeinmedizin73: 308–314.
  18. Ernst E, Saradeth T, Resch KL (1990). Complementary therapy of varicose veins – a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Phlebology5: 157–163.
  19. Ferley JP, Zmirou D, D’Adhemar D, Balducci F (1989). A controlled evaluation of a homoeopathic preparation in the treatment of influenza like syndromes. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology27: 329–335.
  20. Frass M, Dielacher C, Linkesch M, Endler C, Muchitsch I, Schuster E, Kaye A (2005). Influence of potassium dichromate on tracheal secretions in critically ill patients. Chest127: 936–941.
  21. Frass M, Lechleitner P, Gründling C, Pirker C, Grasmuk-Siegl E, Domayer J, Hochmair M, Gaertner K, Duscheck C, Muchitsch I, Marosi C, Schumacher M, Zöchbauer-Müller S, Manchanda RK, Schrott A, Burghuber O (2020). Homeopathic Treatment as an Add-On Therapy May Improve Quality of Life and Prolong Survival in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Three-Arm, Multicenter Study. Oncologist; 25(12): e1930-e1955.
  22. Frass M, Linkesch M, Banyai S, Resch G, Dielacher C, Lobl T, Endler C, Haidvogl M, Muchitsch I, Schuster E (2005). Adjunctive homeopathic treatment in patients with severe sepsis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in an intensive care unit. Homeopathy94: 75–80.
  23. Friese K-H, Zabalotnyi DI (2007). Homöopathie bei akuter Rhinosinusitis. Eine doppelblinde, placebokontrollierte Studie belegt die Wirksamkeit und Verträglichkeit eines homöopathischen Kombinations-arzneimittels [Homeopathy in acute rhinosinusitis. A double-blind, placebo controlled study shows the efficiency and tolerability of a homeopathic combination remedy]. HNO55: 271–277.
  24. Gerhard I, Pateck A, Monga B, Blank A, Gorkow C (1998). Mastodynon bei weiblicher Sterilitat. Randomisierte, plazenbokontrollierte, klinische oppelblindstudie. [Mastodynon for female infertility. Randomised, placebo controlled, clinical double-blind study]. Forschende Komplementärmedizin5: 272–278.
  25. Ghosh P, Ganguly S, Mukherjee SK, Dutta S, Shaikh AR, Ali SS, Singh NK, Bhattacharya P, Koley M, Saha S. Individualized Homeopathic Medicines in Treatment of Hyperuricemia: Evaluation by Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Homeopathy 2022 Sep 19. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-1751272. Online ahead of print.
  26. Ghosh S, Ravindra RK, Modak A, Maiti S, Nath A, Koley M, Saha S. Efficacy of individualized homeopathic medicines in primary dysmenorrhea: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. J Complement Integr Med 2021 Jun 3. doi: 10.1515/jcim-2020-0512. Online ahead of print.
  27. Gupta J, Kulshreshtha D, Lamba CD, Gupta P, Shinde V, Wadhwa B, Soren A, Arya JS, Koley M, Pramanik A, Parveen S, Kumar A (2019). Homoeopathic medicine – Sepia for the management of menopausal symptoms: A multicentric, randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Indian J Res Homoeopathy; 13: 219-228.
  28. Jacobs J, Jimenez LM, Gloyds SS, Gale JL, Crothers D (1994). Treatment of acute childhood diarrhea with homeopathic medicine; a randomized clinical trial in Nicaragua. Pediatrics93: 719–725.
  29. Jacobs J, Springer DA, Crothers D (2001). Homeopathic treatment of acute otitis media in children: a preliminary randomized placebo-controlled trial. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal20: 177–183.
  30. Jacobs J, Taylor JA (2016). A randomized controlled trial of a homeopathic syrup in the teatment of cold symptoms in young children. Complementary Therapies in Medicine29: 229–234.
  31. Jacobs J, Jimenez LM, Malthouse S, Chapman E, Crothers D, Masuk M, Jonas WB (2000). Homeopathic treatment of acute childhood diarrhoea: results from a clinical trial in Nepal. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine6: 131–139.
  32. Khuda-Bukhsh AR, Pathak S, Guha B, Karmakar SR, Das JK, Banerjee P, Biswas SJ, Mukherjee P, Bhattacharjee N, Choudhury SC, Banerjee A, Bhadra S, Mallick P, Chakrabarti J, Mandal B (2005). Can homeopathic arsenic remedy combat arsenic poisoning in humans exposed to groundwater arsenic contamination? A preliminary report on first human trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine2: 537–548.
  33. Kim LS, Riedlinger JE, Baldwin CM, Hilli L, Khalsa SV, Messer SA, Waters RF (2005). Treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis using homeopathic preparation of common allergens in the southwest region of the US: a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Annals of Pharmacotherapy39: 617–624.
  34. Kolia-Adam N, Solomon E, Bond J, Deroukakis M (2008). The efficacy of Coffea cruda on insomnia: a double blind trial. Simillimum21: 91–99.
  35. Lipman D, Sexton G, Schlesser J (1999). A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled evaluation of the safety and efficacy of a natural over-the-counter (OTC) medication in the management of snoring. Sleep and Breathing3: 53–56.
  36. Lozada CJ, del Rio E, Reitberg DP, Smith RA, Kahn CB, Moskowitz RW (2017). A double-blind, randomized, saline-controlled study of the efficacy and safety of co-administered intra-articular injections of Tr14 and Ze14 for treatment of painful osteoarthritis of the knee: The MOZArT trial. European Journal of Integrative Medicine13: 54–63.
  37. Macías-Cortés EC, Llanes-González L, Aguilar-Faisal L, Asbun-Bojalil J (2015). Individualized homeopathic treatment and fluoxetine for moderate to severe depression in peri- and postmenopausal women (HOMDEP-MENOP study): A randomized, double-dummy, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PLoS One10(3): e0118440. (Retracted)
  38. Malapane E, Solomon EM, Pellow J (2014). Efficacy of a homeopathic complex on acute viral tonsillitis. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Med; 20(11): 868–873.
  39. Merklinger S, Messemer C, Niederle S (1995). Ekzembehandlung mit cardiospermum halicacabum: Cardiospermum-Salbe und Salbengrundlage im Halbseitenvergleich – eine kontrolllerte Studie [Treatment of eczema with Cardiospermum halicacabum: Cardiospermum ointment and the ointment vehicle – a controlled study]. Zeitschrift für Phytotherapie; 16: 263-266.
  40. Michael J, Singh S, Sadhukhan S, Nath A, Kundu N, Magotra N, Dutta S, Parewa M, Koley M, Saha S (2019). Efficacy of individualized homeopathic treatment of insomnia: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine43: 53–59.
  41. Michalsen A, Palm J, Samer H, Wollmann J-C, Tausend S, Klein I, Schnitker J (2017). Wirksamkeit und Verträglichkeit eines homöopathischen Komplexmittels (Sinusitis Hevert SL) bei akuter, unkomplizierter Rhinosinusitis: Eine multizentrische, randomisierte, doppelblinde, placebokontrollierte Studie an erwachsenen Patienten. [Efficacy and Safety of a Complex Homeopathic Remedy (Sinusitis Hevert SL) Used in Acute, Uncomplicated Rhinosinusitis: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial in Adults]. Complementary Medicine Research24(3): 139–146.
  42. Morris M, Pellow J, Solomon EM, Tsele-Tebakang T (2016). Physiotherapy and a homeopathic complex for chronic low-back pain due to osteoarthritis: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine22: 48–56.
  43. Naidoo P, Pellow J (2013). A randomized placebo-controlled pilot study of Cat saliva 9cH and Histaminum 9cH in cat allergic adults. Homeopathy102: 123–129.
  44. Naudé DF, Couchman IMS, Maharaj A (2010). Chronic primary insomnia: efficacy of homeopathic simillimum. Homeopathy99: 63–68.
  45. Oberbaum M, Yaniv I, Ben-Gal Y, Stein J, Ben-Zvi N, Freedman LS, Branski D (2001). A randomized, controlled clinical trial of the homeopathic medication Traumeel S in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing stem cell transplantation. Cancer92: 684–690.
  46. Oberbaum M, Galoyan N, Lerner-Geva L, Singer SR, Grisaru S, Shashar D, Samueloff A (2005). The effect of the homeopathic remedies Arnica and Bellis perennis on mild postpartum bleeding – a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study – preliminary results. Complementary Therapies in Medicine13: 87–90.
  47. Papp R, Schuback G, Beck E, Burkard G, Bengel J, Lehrl S, Belon P (1998). Oscillococcinum® in patients with influenza-like syndromes: a placebo-controlled double-blind evaluation. British Homoeopathic Journal87: 69–76.
  48. Qutubuddin M, Murty Singh S, Nayak C, Koley M, Saha S (2019). Efficacy of individualized homeopathy in bronchial asthma in adults: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial in the context of usual care. Advances in Integrative Medicine6(2): 58–65.
  49. Rahlfs VW, Mössinger P (1978). Asa foetida bei Colon irritabile – Doppelblindversuch [Asa foetida in the treatment of the irritable colon – a double-blind trial]. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift104: 140–143.
  50. Reilly DT, Taylor MA, McSharry C, Aitchison T (1986). Is homeopathy a placebo response? Controlled trial of homeopathic potency, with pollen in hayfever as model. Lancetii: 881–885.
  51. Reilly D, Taylor MA, Beattie NGM, Campbell JH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC, Carter R, Stevenson RD (1994). Is evidence for homeopathy reproducible? Lancet344: 1601–1606.
  52. Robertson A, Suryanarayanan R, Banerjee A (2007). Homeopathic Arnica montana for post-tonsillectomy analgesia: a randomised placebo control trial. Homeopathy96: 17–21.
  53. Seeley BM, Denton AB, Ahn MS, Maas CS (2006). Effect of homeopathic Arnica montana on bruising in face-lifts: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery8: 54–59.
  54. Shahid S, Ghosh S, Chakraborty AS, Maiti S, Sadhukhan S, Koley M, Saha S. Efficacy of Individualized Homeopathic Medicines in Plantar Fasciitis: Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Homeopathy 2021 Sep 07. DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1731383. Online ahead of print.
  55. Shukla P, Nayak C, Baig MQ, Misra P (2020). Effects of pre-defined homoeopathic medicines to mitigate adverse dermatological effects of radiotherapy and vomiting of chemotherapy in breast carcinoma: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot trial in the context of usual care. Indian J Res Homoeopathy; 14: 189-199.
  56. Sorrentino L, Piraneo S, Riggio E, Basilicò S, Sartani A, Bossi D, Corsi F (2017). Is there a role for homeopathy in breast cancer surgery? A first randomized clinical trial on treatment with Arnica montana to reduce post-operative seroma and bleeding in patients undergoing total mastectomy. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology6(1): 1–8.
  57. Taylor MA, Reilly D, Llewellyn-Jones RH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC (2000). Randomised controlled trial of homoeopathy versus placebo in perennial allergic rhinitis with overview of four trial series. British Medical Journal321: 471–476.
  58. Teixeira MZ, Podgaec S, Baracat EC (2017). Potentized estrogen in homeopathic treatment of endometriosis-associated pelvic pain: A 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology211: 48–55.
  59. Tveiten D, Bruseth S, Borchgrevink CF, Norseth J (1998). Effects of the homoeopathic remedy Arnica D30 on marathon runners: a randomized, double-blind study during the 1995 Oslo Marathon. Complementary Therapies in Medicine6: 71–74.
  60. Voß HW, Michalsen A, Brünjes R (2018). Efficacy and tolerability of a complex homeopathic drug in children suffering from dry cough-A double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Drug Research (Stuttg)68(8): 444–449.
  61. Weatherley-Jones E, Nicholl JP, Thomas KJ, Parry GJ, McKendrick MW, Green ST, Stanley PJ, Lynch SP (2004). A randomized, controlled, triple-blind trial of the efficacy of homeopathic treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. Journal of Psychosomatic Research56: 189–197.
  62. Weiser M, Clasen B (1994). Randomisierte plazebokontrolierte Doppelblindstudie zur Untersuchung der klinische Wirksamkeit der homöopathischen Euphorbium compositum-Nasentropfen S bei chronischer Sinusitis [Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of the clinical efficacy of the homeopathic Euphorbium compositum-S nasal spray in cases of chronic sinusitis]. Forschende Komplementärmedizin1: 251–259.
  63. Wiesenauer M, Gaus W, Häussler S (1990). Behandlung der Pollinoisis mit Galphimia glauca. Eine Doppelblindstudie unter Praxisbedingungen [Treatment of pollinosis with the homeopathic preparation Galphimia glauca. A double-blind trial in clinical practice]. Allergologie13: 359–363.
  64. Yakir M, Kreitler S, Brzezinski A, Vithoulkas G, Oberbaum M, Bentwich Z (2001). Effects of homeopathic treatment in women with premenstrual syndrome: a pilot study. British Homeopathic Journal90: 148–153.
  65. Yakir M, Klein-Laansma CT, Kreitler S, Brzezinski A, Oberbaum M, Vithoulkas G, Bentwich Z (2019). A placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial with individualized homeopathic treatment using a symptom cluster approach in women with premenstrual syndrome. Homeopathy108(4): 256–269.
  66. Zabolotnyi DI, Kneis KC, Richardson A, Rettenberger R, Heger M, Kaszkin-Bettag M, Heger PW (2007). Efficacy of a complex homeopathic medication (Sinfrontal) in patients with acute maxillary sinusitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial. Explore (NY)3: 98–109.
  67. Zanasi A, Mazzolini M, Tursi F, Morselli-Labate AM, Paccapelo A, Lecchi M (2014). Homeopathic medicine for acute cough in upper respiratory tract infections and acute bronchitis: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics27(1): 102–108.

Negative (n=5)

  1. Aabel S (2000). No beneficial effect of isopathic prophylactic treatment for birch pollen allergy during a low-pollen season: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of homeopathic Betula 30c. British Homeopathic Journal89: 169–173.
  2. Fisher P, McCarney R, Hasford C, Vickers A (2006). Evaluation of specific and non-specific effects in homeopathy: Feasibility study for a randomised trial. Homeopathy95: 215–222.
  3. GRECHO (Groupe de Recherches et d’Essais Cliniques en Homéopathie), U292 INSERM, ARC (Association de Recherche en Chirurgie), GREPA (Groupe de Recherche et d’Étude de la Paroi Abdominal) (1989). Evaluation de deux produits homéopathiques sur la reprise du transit après chirurgie digestive – Un essai contrôlé multicentrique [Evaluation of the effects of two homeopathic preparations on the resumption of intestinal peristalsis after digestive tract surgery – A multicentre controlled trial]. Presse Médicale18: 59-62.
  4. Kaziro GS (1984). Metronidazole (Flagyl) and Arnica montana in the prevention of post-surgical complications, a comparative placebo controlled clinical trial. British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery22: 42–49.
  5. Paris A, Gonnet N, Chaussard C, Belon P, Rocourt F, Saragaglia D, Cracowski JL (2008). Effect of homeopathy on analgesic intake following knee ligament reconstruction: a phase III monocentre randomized placebo controlled study. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology65: 180–187.

Non-conclusive (n=85)

  1. Aabel S (2001). Prophylactic and acute treatment with the homeopathic medicine Betula 30c for birch pollen allergy: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of consistency of VAS responses. British Homeopathic Journal90: 73–78.
  2. Adler UC, Adler MS, Padula AEM, Hotta LM, de Toledo Cesar A, Diniz JNM, de Freitas Santos H, Martinez EZ. Homeopathy for COVID-19 in primary care: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (COVID-Simile study). J Integr Med 2022 May;20(3):221-229.
  3. Andrade L, Ferraz MB, Atra E, Castro A, Silva MSM (1991). A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of homoeopathy in rheumatoid arthritis. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology20: 204–208.
  4. Baker DG, Myers SP, Howden I, Brooks L (2003). The effects of homeopathic Argentum nitricum on test anxiety. Complementary Therapies in Medicine11: 65–71.
  5. Beer AM, Heiliger F (1999). Caulophyllum D4 zur Geburtsinduktion bei vorzeitigem Blasensprung – eine Doppelblindstudie [Randomized, double-blind trial of Caulophyllum D4 for induction of labour after premature rupture of the membranes at term]. Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde59: 431–435.
  6. Belon P, Banerjee P, Choudhury SC, Banerjee A, Biswas SJ, Karmakar SR, Pathak S, Guha B, Chatterjee S, Bhattacharjee N, Das JK, Khuda-Bukhsh AR (2006). Can administration of potentized homeopathic remedy, Arsenicum album, alter antinuclear antibody (ANA) titre in people living in high-risk arsenic contaminated areas? I. A correlation with certain hematological parameters. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine3: 99-107.
  7. Bhalerao R, Oberai P, Mehra P, Rai Y, Choubey G, Sahoo AR, Majumder AK, Sah M, Gupta AK, Tyagi AK, Siddiqui VA, Kumar A, Manchanda RK (2019). Lycopodium clavatum for the management of urolithiasis: A randomised double blind placebo controlled trial. Indian J Res Homoeopathy; 13: 139-149.
  8. Bignamini M, Bertoli A, Consolandi AM, Dovera N, Saruggia M, Taino S, Tubertini A (1987). Controlled double-blind trial with Baryta carbonica 15CH versus placebo in a group of hypertensive subjects confined to bed in two old people’s homes. British Homoeopathic Journal76: 114–119.
  9. Bonne O, Shemer Y, Gorali Y, Katz M, Shalev AY (2003). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of classical homeopathy in generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry64: 282–287.
  10. Brien S, Lachance L, Prescott P, McDermott C, Lewith G (2011). Homeopathy has clinical benefits in rheumatoid arthritis patients that are attributable to the consultation process but not the homeopathic remedy: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Rheumatology (Oxford)50: 1070–1082.
  11. Chand KS, Manchanda RK, Mittal R, Batra S, Banavaliker JN, De I (2014). Homeopathic treatment in addition to standard care in multi drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial. Homeopathy103(2): 97–107.
  12. Charandabi SMA, Biglu MH, Rad KY (2016). Effect of homeopathy on pain intensity and quality of life of students with primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized controlled trial. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal18(9): e30902.
  13. Cialdella P, Boissel JP, Belon P (2001). Spécialités homéopathiques en substitution de benzodiazépines: étude en double-insu vs. placebo [Complex homeopathic medicines as substitutes for benzodiazepines: double-blind study vs. placebo]. Thérapie56: 397–402.
  14. Cornu C, Joseph P, Gaillard S, Bauer C, Vedrinne C, Bissery A, Melot G, Bossard N, Belon P, Lehot J-J (2010). No effect of a homoeopathic combination of Arnica montana and Bryonia alba on bleeding, inflammation, and ischaemia after aortic valve surgery. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology; 69: 136–142.
  15. Dey S, Hashmi S, Saha S, Mandal M, Shaikh AR, Agrawal E, Ghosh P, Sehrawat N, Koley M, Saha S. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Pilot Trial of Individualized Homeopathic Medicines for Cutaneous Warts. Homeopathy 2021 Aug;110(3):149-159
  16. Dey S, Shaikh AR, Saha S, Agrawal E, Gautam AK, Karuppusamy A, Sadhukhan S, Dutta S, Ali SS, Basu A, Koley M, Saha S. Efficacy of Individualized Homeopathic Medicines in the Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis in Adults: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Preliminary Trial. Complement Med Res 2021 Apr 15;1-10
  17. Dolev T, Ben-David M, Shahadi I, Freed Y, Zubedat S, Aga-Mizrachi S, Brand Z, Galper S, Jacobson G, Avital A. Attention Dysregulation in Breast Cancer Patients Following a Complementary Alternative Treatment Routine: A Double-Blind Randomized Trial. Integrative Cancer Therapies 2021; 20: 1–10
  18. Dossett ML, Mu L, Davis RB, Bell IR, Lembo AJ, Kaptchuk TJ, Yeh GY (2015). Patient-provider interactions affect symptoms in gastroesophageal reflux disease: a pilot randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PLoS One10: e0136855.
  19. Dutta S, Ganguly S, Mukherjee SK, Ghosh P, Hazra P, Roy AS, Shaikh AR, Ali SS, Sadhukhan S, Koley M, Saha S. Efficacy of individualized homeopathic medicines in intervening with the progression of pre-hypertension to hypertension: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Explore (NY) 2021 Jun 5;S1550-8307(21)00098-7.
  20. de Freitas LAS, Goldenstein E, Sanna OM (1995). A relação médico-paciente indireta e o tratamento homeopático na asma infantile [The indirect patient-doctor relationship and the homeopathic treatment of childhood asthma]. Revista de Homeopatia60: 26–31.
  21. Friese K-H, Feuchter U, Möller H (1997). Die homöopathische Behandling von adenoiden Vegetationen [Homeopathic treatment of adenoid vegetations. Results of a prospective, randomized double-blind study]. HNO45: 618–624.
  22. Garnica Téllez D, Arias Vázquez PI, Ramírez Wakamatzu MA (2018). Eficacia de medicamentos antihomotóxicos en el tratamiento del síndrome miofascial cervical y de cintura escapular: Estudio comparativo versus toxina botulínica tipo A. Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor25(2): 86–93.
  23. Gaucher C, Jeulin D, Peycru P, Amengual C (1994). A double blind randomized placebo controlled study of cholera treatment with highly diluted and succussed solutions. British Homoeopathic Journal83: 132-134.
  24. Gupta B, Misra P, Karuppusamy A, Balamurugan D, Parewa M, Tomar M, Rai S, Vashishth H, Sadhukhan S, Singh NK, Koley M, Saha S. Individualized Homeopathic Medicines as Adjunctive Treatment of Pediatric Epilepsy: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Homeopathy 2022 Dec 13. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-1755361. Online ahead of print.
  25. Gupta J, Bawaskar R, Rao P, Shivadikar A, Sumithran P, Pal R, Ali S, Bindu H, Arya MD, Lamba CD, Kumar A, Kulshreshtha D (2020). Homoeopathic therapy in cervical spondylosis pain management: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Indian J Res Homoeopathy; 14: 242-250.
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